The UK’s Favourite Biscuit 2019: REVEALED

As a nation of biscuit lovers, it stands to reason that the good people of the UK have a favourite. Some folk will opt for a humble Digestive, others fancy a Lotus Biscoff with their coffee. Whichever you choose, there’s always going to be someone that disagrees… but by how much is the question?

With National Biscuit Day on the 29th of May, we surveyed over 1000 people in the UK to determine which biscuits we value most right here and now in 2019. So without further ado, let me present to you their poll results… You might find the winner to be a little controversial!

Drum roll please…

Uk's favourite biscuit 2019 - CDA

Jaffa Cake is The UK’s Favourite Biscuit 2019

So the gelatinous, tangy deliciousness that is the Jaffa Cake has come out on top! But some might say it’s not even a biscuit, and legally they’d be right.

In 1991, the courts ruled in favour of McVities when they fought to have the Jaffa Cake classified as a cake for tax purposes. If a biscuit is covered in chocolate it becomes a luxury item, therefore the standard 20% VAT is applied, however this doesn’t apply to cakes. So while legally it is a cake, the people have spoken and have ruled that the Jaffa Cake is indeed a biscuit… and their favourite one at that!

With a whopping 17.8% of the votes, Jaffa Cakes beat out Shortbread for the top spot which has 13.6% of the votes. The biggest loser this year was the Chocolate Hobnob with 7.5% of the votes, dropping from 2nd place to 7th. The Chocolate Digestive also took a tumble, falling ffom 1st place to 4th overall with 11.8% of the votes.

There were also some non-movers and some new entries, with the Ginger Nut and Plain Digestive holding on to their 8th and 9th places, respectively. The Lotus Biscoff made an entrance, coming in 11th place, will the new found poplularity of this cafe culture favourite see it rise further up the ranks in years to come? Only time will tell!

You’re more than welcome to use this post for your own content, all we ask is that you link to CDA.eu as the original source.

Weird and Wonderful Christmas Food From Around the World

Christmas wouldn’t be Christmas without delicious food. A big fat turkey fresh out of the oven, with mountains of seasonal veg and lashings of gravy. It’s a dream come true for a large portion of the western world. But what we consider a festive treat, might not do it for others. Some festive food that’s traditionally eaten in countries other than our own, might seem just a little too “out there” for our tastes.

Lots of the food eaten at Christmas time across the world has come from a long tradition that’s passed down through the generations, while others are a relatively new idea. From Christmas pudding in England to Mopane caterpillars in South Africa, many of the foods we eat during the festive period were once a necessity rather than a treat. But over the years, many of these traditional Christmas foods have become somewhat of a delicacy for many.

We started looking deeper into Christmas foods around the world and we have to say, some are pretty eye-opening! Here are our favorites, illustrated. Let us know if there’s are any others that you think are worth a mention!

Christmas Eve Apples – China

Chinese Christmas Apples - CDA

There’s nothing unusual about apples, right? But in China, it’s what they do with them that counts. Christmas isn’t a public holiday in China, having virtually no cultural ties to the festival, which has its roots in western Christianity. However, celebrating Christmas is becoming more and more popular, especially among the younger generations of Chinese people. In recent years, one tradition that’s been adopted is to share decorative apples on Christmas eve with your loved ones.

The apples are carved with an encouraging message and wrapped in colorful paper ready to be presented. They’re known as “peace apples” and are a way to show just how much you care about the health and well-being of someone.

KFC Christmas Dinner – Japan

KFC Christmas Dinner China - CDA

With a very small Christian population, Japan has very few Christmas traditions. It does, however, have Christmas fried chicken. A relatively new tradition by most standards, its popularity started to grow in the 1970s when KFC in Japan began to promote fried chicken as a Christmas meal.

These days, sitting down to a KFC Christmas dinner is something the Japanese have to start thinking about months in advance. With an estimated 3.6 million families expected to partake each year, pre-booking is essential if you don’t want to wait in line for hours!

Selyodka Pod Shuboy – Russia

Selyodka Pod Shuboy Russia Christmas CDA Appliances

Originating in Russia, Selyodka Pod Shuboy is probably one of the more extravagant looking dishes on our list. Literally translated to “herring under a fur coat”, it’s called so because it’s made up of diced pickled herring that’s layered under diced potato, carrots, beetroot, onions, and mayonnaise then topped with boiled eggs. Often fashioned into elaborate designs, the dish is usually served as party food and is a must on many Russian holidays, particularly at Christmas time.

Christmas Pudding – England

Christmas Pudding England - CDA

Originating in England way back in the 14th century, Christmas pudding began life as a porridge-like meal that was full of fruits, oats, nuts, and suet called “frumenty”. It was traditionally served as a fasting meal that would be made about 5 weeks before Christmas in preparation for Advent. The heavy meal would also be mixed with alcohol then steamed or boiled. It was often considered good luck for all members of the family to stir the mixture, making a wish as they go.

The pudding would then have various items stirred into it. Silver coins, wishbones, silver thimbles, and rings were all thought to bring good luck, prosperity and even marriage to those that were lucky enough to find them. These days, you’d be hard pushed to find any of these items in a store-bought Christmas Pudding. It’s a lawsuit waiting to happen!

Smalahove – Norway

Smalahove Norway Christmas - CDA

Originating in the western regions of Norway, Smalahove is a dish made from a sheep’s head served with potatoes and rutabaga. It’s traditionally served the Sunday before Christmas and would be an indulgent meal for the poorer Norwegian population. What makes this dish super interesting is the way in which it’s prepared. The head of the sheep would be split in two, once split, the brain would be removed and the pieces are soaked in water for two days. Once soaked, the head would be salted, dried and then smoked, it would then be boiled or steamed ready to be eaten.

The eating process is also an art in itself. Firstly, the ears and eyes are eaten as they’re considered a delicacy, the meat would then be eaten from the skull, starting at the front and working your way to the back. These days, Smalahove tends to be reserved for tourists and isn’t something that would usually be found on a Norwegian dinner table at Christmas.

Mattak and Kiviak – Greenland

Mattak and Kiviak Greenland Christmas - CDA

In one of the coldest places on the planet, food is something that needs to be taken seriously. In the depths of winter, a Greenlandic Christmas dinner would be considered somewhat of an acquired taste for the rest of the world. Both unusual and fascinating, mattak and kiviak are two dishes that you can expect to be served. Traditional Inuit fare, mattak is a strip of skin taken from the narwhal or white whale with the blubber still attached, this is then carved up and served in bite-sized chunks and is said to taste like fresh coconut.

It’s often served alongside kiviak; the flesh of a small arctic bird called auk which is then stuffed inside a sealskin. The sealskin is then buried for several months to ferment. Once the auk is in an advanced state of decomposition, it’s ready to eat. Yum!

Mopane Worms – Southern Africa

Mopane Worms Christmas Southern Africa - CDA

Rich in protein, the Mopane worms are actually the caterpillar of the Gonimbrasia Belina moth, while they’re not strictly regarded as a Christmas food, they are in abundance around the festive period in Southern Africa. They get their name from the Mopane tree which is well suited to the drought-ridden landscapes of Namibia, Botswana and South Africa – providing the perfect haven for the worms to flourish.

The harvest will begin in late November, making them an ideal Christmas treat, especially for the older generations. Once harvested, some worms are preserved for the rest of the year, while fresh worms are usually fried with onions, tomatoes and chili. As this practice was born from necessity, they’re not something that’s eaten to the same extent these days and many consider them a form of bushmeat, but there are a number of communities that regard them as a delicacy.

Feast of the Seven Fishes – Italy/America

Feast of the Seven Fishes Ital America Christmas - CDA

In past generations, it was tradition for Roman Catholics to abstain from eating meat and animal fats around Christmas, but one tradition that has risen from this is what’s known as “The Feast of the Seven Fishes”. Though it has no official role in the Roman Catholic calendar, the feast is said to represent the significance of the number seven in the bible. The feast will take place on Christmas eve with numerous different fish and seafood dishes being served across many courses.

The roots of the feast are placed in Southern Italy – a part of the country dominated by delicious fish dishes taken from the bountiful coastline. As the Italians began to migrate to America in the late 1880’s so too did the Feast of the Seven Fishes, making it a popular, nostalgic celebration dinner among many Italian-American families today.

You’re more than welcome to use the illustrations for your own content, all we ask is that you link to CDA.eu as the original source.

European Food Names Literally Translated

The names of certain foods from around the world can leave you a little perplexed if you’re not completely sure what it is you’re ordering. But finding out what the names mean can be somewhat off-putting and you might just lose your appetite…

Linguistics is a strange thing. So, we decided to dig a little deeper into some of the names given to traditional foods from different European countries such as France, Denmark and Germany.

We then took those names and literally translated them into English… This is where the fun starts. Some are hilarious, some are disturbing but we’re pretty certain they all taste absolutely delicious! Who doesn’t want to eat a dead grandma or a poo satchel for lunch, right?

You’re more than welcome to use this post for your own content, all we ask is that you link to CDA.eu as the original source.

The Breakfast of Champions: What Do World Class Athletes Eat?

How can you be more like the world-class athletes that inspire millions around the world every day? By checking out what they eat for breakfast, of course!

We are not promising that if you start eating these breakfasts that you will suddenly break world records like Caster Sememya or become the greatest footballer alive like Cristiano Ronaldo. But if you want to improve your diet, looking at what world-class athletes eat can be quite informative.

We’ve put together these infographic cards to detail what the breakfast of champions really means…

Tiger Woods

Tiger Woods Breakfast - CDA

Tiger Woods completed a return to golf after a very public fall from grace when he won The Masters earlier in 2019. Whether you like him or not, it was an alluring human story of perseverance and there’s absolutely no denying his massive impact on the sport. He forced a generation to sit up and pay attention to what he was doing in a sport many have no interest in whatsoever.

Golf may not be considered that physical, but you still need to be able to maintain a level of strength and performance over many hours over many days.

Woods opts for an egg-white omelette. High in protein, with an optimal amount of carbs, he’s clearly doing something right.

Caster Semenya

Caster Semenya Breakfast - CDA

When the world’s athletic governing body works against you to level the playing field for your opponents, you know you’re a unique athlete. Should Semenya be punished and hamstringed for her natural gifts? The IAAF ruled that she has to take testosterone-reducing medication to give her opponents a fighting chance, but Semenya isn’t taking their ruling lying down. She has recently told the IAAF that they should focus their attention on the dopers in sport instead. Can you blame her?

Semenya’s breakfast is true to her roots and super simple. A bowl of Bogobe. This is a millet-based porridge that’s popular around southern Africa. Extremely low in calories, fat and protein, it’s mostly just carbs that give her the energy she needs to be the best in the world.

Cristiano Ronaldo

Cristiano Ronaldo Breakfast - CDA

Ronaldo has proven time and time again why he is the all-time greatest football player. The Messi vs Ronaldo debate goes a bit like this: “Messi’s stats though!” “Has he done it in three different leagues though?” With five Ballon D’Ors apiece, it is looking increasingly more impossible to settle the debate.

Really, we have to be thankful that they have played at the same time, constantly pushing each other to always be better and ultimately, they are both very different players with different styles.

How does an elite footballer like Ronaldo fuel up? Taking in 1200kcal to start the day, Ronaldo’s breakfast is high in caffeine, carbs and healthy fats, Ronaldo’s plate consists of meats, cheeses, yoghurt, fruit and a side of avocado toast with some coffee to wash it down.

Hafthor Bjornsson

Hafthor Bjornsson Breakfast - CDA

Better known as ‘The Mountain’ for his role in Game of Thrones, Bjornsson is one of the strongest men walking this planet. Strongmen like Bjornsson may not be athletes in the way that we conventionally think of them, but it takes an incredible amount of dedication, patience and focus to keep yourself on the most brutally strict and loathsome eating and exercise regimens an athlete can have.

Sure, they have big appetites anyway but it’s actually still a struggle for them to eat just so much.

Bjornsson consumes more calories for breakfast than any average man or woman should consume in a day.  140 grams of fat, 160 grams of protein, 200 grams of carbs and 2700 calories. That’s double your daily allowance of fat, triple your allowance of protein (for an average sedentary man) and a little bit under your daily allowance of carbs. At some point, we have to ask if Bjornsson is actually even human.

Muhammad Ali

Muhammad Ali Breakfast - CDA

In 2016, we lost one of the greatest personalities in sports. There will never be another Muhammad Ali and no matter how hard boxers may try to be Ali, they will never come close. As thrilling out of the ring as he was inside, Muhammad Ali changed the game of boxing, faced persecution for his religious beliefs, inspired a generation of black Americans and was even spied on by the NSA and FBI, all whilst being the most viscerally exciting athlete the world had seen.

What did such a man eat for breakfast in his prime? Steak, eggs, toast and orange juice, apparently. Weighing in at 1300 kcal, with 80 grams of fat, 90 grams of protein and 40 grams of carbs, this definitely helped him to stay in the heavyweight category. A breakfast fit for a champion only.

Serena Williams

Serena Williams Breakfast - CDA

A world renowned tennis player, if not one of the most supreme athletes to exist, Serena WIlliams is undoubtedly a name we’ll talk about for many, many years to come. Taking a break from winning Grand Slams to have a baby and then returning to win even more titles, was a moment for women around the world.

Scratch that, Serena was in the early stages of her pregnancy when she won her record-breaking 23rd Grand Slam, in a final against her sister! Talk about a family affair.

Serena’s breakfast consists of oats, fruit and a healthy smoothie. The oats provide sustained energy throughout the day and give her the protein world class athletes need. All the toppings and an accompanying smoothie are vital sources of nutrients, vitamins, minerals and fibre. She’ll also throw in a pastry for good measure, she’s earned it.

You’re more than welcome to use this post for your own content, all we ask is that you link to CDA.eu as the original source.

Our Obsession With Meat: A Global Study

Despite a recent increase in vegetarianism and veganism, the demand for red meat seems higher than ever. Many scientists and conservationists continue to campaign against the red meat consumption due to the detrimental effects on the environment production has. Not only is there serious cause for concern from an ecological point of view, but from a health perspective, too – red meat is classified as a Group 2A carcinogen and there’s plenty of evidence to suggest that processed red meat is linked to the development of bowel and stomach cancer.

Using data supplied by Ourworldindata.org, we found that the farming of red meat livestock such as cows and sheep is responsible for releasing approximately 221g of carbon dioxide equivalents into the atmosphere for every gram of protein produced. When compared to the likes of poultry at 31.75g, the differences are quite obvious.It was also found that over a metre2 of land is required for every gram of protein produced from red meat – a real hair-raising stat when the same amount of protein can be obtained from pulses with just 0.01m2 of land.

Meat Consumption is a Global Problem

Over-consumption of red meat is a global problem, with the average amount of meat being eaten each day far outweighing the recommended daily amount for an individual. It may come as no surprise that the wealthier countries are the ones eating the most meat – and as a country gets richer, so does the diet of those that live in it, but how sustainable is this?

Our Obsession With Meat Global Study - CDA

How Red Meat Affects Your Physical Health

Red meat has long been linked to heart disease and other serious health conditions. But perhaps most importantly, it is ranked as a Group 2A carcinogen. Red meat has been linked to various types of cancer including bowel cancer and colorectal cancer.

For what it’s worth, red meat is high in vitamins, minerals and antioxidants. A 3.5oz steak will have a quarter of your recommended daily amount of Vitamin B3 and nearly 40% of your daily amount of Vitamin B12.

However, there are some profoundly negative effects on your health from red meat. This is particularly when you include processed red meat e.g bacon, sausages, salami, jerky etc. An unprocessed red meat would be something like a lamb shank or a steak.

Processed red meat is as likely to give you cancer as smoking tobacco. Processed meats are a Group 1 carcinogen, which is the most lethal group. This means there is sufficient evidence to suggest that consumption causes cancer. Processed red meats are also heavily linked to heart disease, diabetes and death.

Unprocessed red meats aren’t as prolifically bad for your health. A review of 20 studies that included over 1.2 million people found that whilst the awful health effects of processed red meats are pretty much clear as day, the same effect wasn’t found in unprocessed red meat.

There are issues with how the studies are conducted however and a pattern doesn’t necessarily mean it’s the cause. But there’s enough evidence out there to suggest that we really need to think about how much of it we are eating.

One thing is for sure, and that’s processed red meats should really be avoided. Bacon is a cherished food, but really we need to start ditching it. Let’s reiterate that eating bacon and other processed meats is as likely to cause cancer than smoking tobacco. But people still smoke, so people will still eat bacon. Just make sure you’re eating it in moderation.

The best thing to do with red meat, that isn’t scrapping it altogether, is to adopt the Mediterranean diet approach to red meat. Which is to have unprocessed red meat as a treat, about twice a month. This is a healthy approach to red meat if you really can’t bear the thought of scrapping it altogether.

The Environmental Impact of Red Meat

A lot of noise has been made recently about our meat consumption and how it relates to the environment. With the existence of man-made climate change beyond any form of reasonable doubt, we need to be frank about how our demand for meat is playing into that.

The scientific consensus on climate change being man made is at 97%. That means, of all the scientists whose job it is to look at the effects of climate change, 97% of those people have reached the conclusion it’s man-made. It’s very hard to find that level of consensus in the scientific community, where there is a strong culture of trying to disprove anything anyone says. It’s only when you can find no possible way to disprove it that you agree. This means we have to assess our own human habits.

The problem with meat consumption is that it takes an awful lot of resources to cultivate, especially red meat, and especially beef. Beef produces seven times more carbon dioxide per gram of protein than poultry, for example. Producing 100g of protein of beef emits 105kg of greenhouse gases. 100g of protein from nuts emits 2.4kg.

If you’re trying to be environmentally minded then you can still enjoy red meat. However, for the biggest impact on the environment, you need to go vegan. Eliminating any animal products from your diet drastically reduces your carbon footprint. However, even just going flexitarian can reduce your carbon footprint by nearly 60%.

‘Flexitarianism’ is the name given to a diet that consists mostly of plant based foods, with meat eaten in moderation. People do this by not eating meat every other day, only eating meat at the weekend etc. It’s a really good way to not only reduce your carbon footprint, but to eat healthier!

Lots of people are seriously turned off by veganism. And to be honest, there are some bad vegans out there that are giving it a bad name but by and large, vegans want to reduce their environmental impact, eat healthier, and they feel great compassion for animals. Compassion for animals and health aside, when you actually contextualise the environmental cost of meat, it becomes very hard to ignore.

Consider this. You plan on having a single beef burger for your lunch. Did you know that the amount of greenhouse gas that has been emitted to put that single beef burger on your plate is as much as if you were to drive a petrol car for 200 miles? Nearly 1,700 litres of water has been used to bring that single burger to your plate. That’s more than a month’s worth of daily showers. That’s as much water as you use flushing the toilet for SIX months.

This is why beef should only be eaten as a rare treat, if at all.

If the health effects of eating red meat aren’t enough to get you to reassess how much you’re eating, then at least consider the environmental cost of it. Can we really afford to keep our meat consumption this high? Will there be a world left for our future generations if we do?

You’re more than welcome to use this post for your own content, all we ask is that you link to CDA.eu as the original source.